New Technology for Future Superconducting Proton Collider

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CERN Proposes 100 Trillion Electron Volt Supercollider for 2040

Physicists think that the Higgs-Boson could open a whole new door into physics, but to open that door requires a more powerful particle collider. The FCC proton collider would use new-generation superconducting magnets and would provide a lot of new opportunities to study physics. The new particle collider will also use its power to probe dark matter, to try and understand the prevalence of matter over anti-matter, and to try to explain neutrino masses. It could even find new massive particles, and would allow thorough exploration of the role of the electroweak-symmetry breaking in the history of our universe.

CERN is Planning to Build a Much Larger Particle Collider. Much, Much, Larger. - Universe Today

The FCC would also collide heavy ions, sustaining a rich heavy-ion physics programme to study the state of matter in the early universe. The new particle collider would be between 80 to km 50 to 62 miles in diameter. This would enable a rich programme to benefit the particle physics community throughout the twenty-first century.

A large proton collider would present a leap forward in this exploration and decisively extend the physics programme beyond results provided by the LHC and a possible electron-positron collider. The new particle collider would be a massive engineering project.

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The projected cost is in the 9 billion Euro range for a km tunnel. If all goes according to plan, it would begin its physics program in , right at the end of the High-Luminosity LHC.

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At first, the particle collider would operate as an electron-positron collider, and serve the physics community for 15 to 20 years. It shows the tremendous potential of the FCC to improve our knowledge of fundamental physics and to advance many technologies with a broad impact on society", said CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti.

The dis covery of the Higgs boson at the LHC opened a new path for research, as the Higgs boson could be a door into new physics. Detailed studies of its properties are therefore a priority for any future high-energy physics accelerator.


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The different options explored by the FCC study offer unique opportunities to study the nature of the Higgs boson. In addition, experimental evidence requires physics beyond the Standard Model to account for observations such as dark matter and the domination of matter over antimatter. The search for new physics, for which a future circular collider would have a vast discovery potential, is therefore of paramount importance to making significant progress in our understanding of the universe.

The FCC design study was a huge effort, possible only thanks to a large international collaboration.

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Future Circular Collider: What is it?

This would enable a rich programme to benefit the particle physics community throughout the twenty-first century. Using new-generation high-field superconducting magnets, the FCC proton collider would offer a wide range of new physics opportunities.

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Reaching energies of TeV and beyond would allow precise studies of how a Higgs particle interacts with another Higgs particle, and thorough exploration of the role of the electroweak symmetry breaking in the history of our universe. It would also allow us to access unprecedented energy scales, looking for new massive particles, with multiple opportunities for great discoveries.


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  • In addition, it would also collide heavy ions, sustaining a rich heavy-ion physics programme to study the state of matter in the early universe. A large proton collider would present a leap forward in this exploration and decisively extend the physics programme beyond results provided by the LHC and a possible electron-positron collider. A 90 to GeV electron-positron machine with high luminosity could be a first step.

    Such a collider would be a very powerful "Higgs factory", making it possible to detect new, rare processes and measure the known particles with precisions never achieved before.