Ecological geography of the sea

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Edition 2nd ed. Content Types text Carrier Types online resource Physical Description 1 online resource xv, pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations some color , maps some color xv, p. Marine ecology. Biotic communities -- AntarcticOcean. Biotic communities -- Antarctic Ocean.

Ecological Geography of the Sea ebook |

Biotic communities -- Pacific Ocean. Zooplankton -- Ecology.

Biotic communities -- Atlantic Ocean. Biotic communities -- Indian Ocean. Target Audience Specialized Summary This book presents an in-depth discussion of the biological and ecological geography of the oceans. It synthesizes locally restricted studies of the ocean to generate a global geography of the vast marine world. Based on patterns of algal ecology, the book divides the ocean into four primary compartments, which are then subdivided into secondary compartments.

Using information from recent research as well as data and images from earth-orbiting satellites, Ecological Geography of the Sea, Second Edition describes how the pelagic ecosystem everywhere responds to the effects of mesoscale eddies, planetary waves, tide sea-ice and other oceanographic phenomena. Contents Ch. Toward an ecological geography of the sea 2.

Ecological Geography of the Sea

Biogeographic partition of the ocean 3. Fronts and pycnoclines : ecological discontinuities 4. Physical control of ecological processes 5.

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Nutrient limitation : the example of iron 6. Biomes : the primary partition 7.

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Provinces : the secondary compartments 8. Longer term responses : from seasons to centuries 9. The Atlantic Ocean The Indian Ocean The Pacific Ocean The Southern Ocean. Notes Includes bibliographical references pages and index. Also available in print. Electronic reproduction. Electronic version is available via ScienceDirect.

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Ecological Geography of the sea

Electronic version is restricted to subscribing institutions. Ecological geography of the sea. Dewey Number View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links Set up My libraries How do I set up "My libraries"? Australian National University Library. Open to the public. Black Mountain Library. May not be open to the public ; DUTT Library Services.

Online Access. Available for document delivery. Restrictions apply. Book; Illustrated English Deakin University. Deakin University Library. Griffith University Library. Eddie Koiki Mabo Library. The now-protected seal population is making a strong comeback after its severe overexploitation in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Antarctic Convergence is located in the middle of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and serves as the dividing line between the extremely cold polar surface waters to the south and the warmer waters located to the north.

The Indian Ocean is an important transit route between Asia and Africa, a geographical feature that has fueled some strong historical conflicts.

source url Because the Indian Ocean is so enormous, no nation had ruled it until the beginning of the s when Britain was able to dominate much of the surrounding land. Underneath the surface of the Indian Ocean lies the convergence of the African, Indian and Antarctic crustal plates- their junctures marked by the Y-shaped branches of the Mid-Oceanic Ridge and a stem running south from the edge of the continental shelf near Mumbai, India.

The resulting ridges subdivide the eastern, western and southern basins into smaller basins. Monsoons control the currents in this oceanographic region. One current flows clockwise in the northern hemisphere and the other flows counterclockwise south of the equator.

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These two large, circular currents make up most of the flow pattern. When the winter monsoon occurs, the currents in the north are reversed. The circulation of deep water is mostly controlled by water flowing in from the Atlantic Ocean, the Red Sea, and Antarctic currents.

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It covers approximately one-fifth of the entire global ocean. Water drains into the Atlantic from a land area four times the size of both the Pacific and Indian oceans. Including the adjacent seas, the Atlantic averages 3, m 10, ft deep. Excluding the neighboring seas the Atlantic has an average depth of 3, m 12, ft. In the west, the Atlantic stretches all the way to North and South America. In the east, the Atlantic is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Arctic Ocean in the north and the south. Incredible human labor created the Panama Canal, which now connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans.

A smaller submarine ridge in the south Atlantic is known as the Walvis Ridge. Transverse ridges that run crosswise between the continents and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge divides the ocean floor into many different basins. The deep ocean floor is mostly flat but there are quite a few seamounts, guyots and deeps or trenches.

Off the eastern coast of Canada is the Laurentian Abyss. The countries that border the Pacific, or the Pacific Rim, often experience volcanoes and earthquakes. Entire towns have been wiped out by Tsunamis, the large waves caused by an underwater earthquake. Its farthest western point is most likely the Strait of Malacca. There are 25, Pacific islands in the Pacific Ocean—more than any other ocean.